Hino Nacional Brasileiro
On September 7 1822, Brazil declared its independence from the Portuguese Empire, and the music of the anthem was written close to this time by Francisco Manuel da Silva.
In the mid-1800s, the anthem was used as a royal anthem by Emperor Pedro II, but it was adopted by Brazilian republicans, and after the establishment of the Brazilian republic in 1889, the song remained as the anthem.
It existed with at least two sets of unofficial lyrics before a 1922 decree by President Epitácio Pessoa gave the anthem its definitive, official lyrics, by Osório Duque-Estrada.
The mention in the opening line of the Ipiranga river is a reference to the stream near São Paulo where Dom Pedro declared Brazilian independence.
Ouviram do Ipiranga as margens plácidas
De um povo heróico o brado retumbante,
E o sol da Liberdade, em raios fúlgidos,
Brilhou no céu da Pátria nesse instante.
Se o penhor dessa igualdade
Conseguimos conquistar com braço forte,
Em teu seio, ó Liberdade,
Desafia o nosso peito a própria morte!
Ó Pátria amada, Idolatrada, Salve! Salve!
Brasil, um sonho intenso, um raio vívido,
De amor e de esperança à terra desce,
Se em teu formoso céu, risonho e límpido,
A imagem do Cruzeiro resplandece.
Gigante pela própria natureza,
És belo, és forte, impávido colosso,
E o teu futuro espelha essa grandeza.
Terra adorada Entre outras mil
És tu, Brasil, Ó Pátria amada!
Dos filhos deste solo És mãe gentil,
Pátria amada, Brasil!
The placid banks of Ipiranga heard
the resounding cry of a heroic people
and in shining rays, the sun of liberty
shone in our homeland’s skies at this very moment.
If the assurance of this equality
we achieved by our mighty arms,
in thy bosom, O freedom,
our chest shall defy death itself!
O beloved, idolized homeland, Hail, hail!
Brazil, an intense dream, a vivid ray
of love and hope descends to earth
if in thy lovely, smiling and clear skies
the image of the Cross shines resplendently.
Giant by thine own nature,
thou art beautiful, thou art strong, an intrepid colossus,
and thy future mirrors thy greatness.
Beloved Land amongst a thousand others
art thou, Brazil, O beloved homeland!
To the sons of this land thou art a gentle mother,
beloved homeland, Brazil!
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