Canada

O Canada

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O Canada, the Canadian anthem, has lyrics which were originally written in French, and translated into English in 1906. The English lyrics have been altered on various occasions over the last century, but the French lyrics remain the same as they were in 1880. The anthem was the de facto national anthem from 1939 on, but was only officially adopted in 1980.

O Canadawas originally commissioned for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony; Calixa Lavallée wrote the music as a setting of a French Canadian patriotic poem composed by poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier.

Lyrics:

English:

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide,
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

French:

Ô Canada!
Terre de nos aïeux,
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux!
Car ton bras sait porter l’épée,
Il sait porter la croix!
Ton histoire est une épopée
Des plus brillants exploits.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée,
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.

Details:

Composer:
Calixa Lavallée
Lyricist:
Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French, 1880), Robert Stanley Weir (English, 1908)
Date:
Lyrics (French) and music: 1880, Lyrics (English): 1908, Adopted: 1980.
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