Originally titled "War Song for the Army of the Rhine", the Marseillaise was written and composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in 1792 and adopted in 1795 as the French anthem.
The anthem gets its name from the fact that it was first sung by volunteers on the streets of Marseille during the French Revolution. It is one of the first examples of the "European march" anthemic style of national anthem, and a variation was also briefly used as the national anthem of Russia.
Allons enfants de la Patrie,
Le jour de gloire est arrivé!
Contre nous de la tyrannie,
L’étendard sanglant est levé, (bis)
Entendez-vous dans les campagnes
Mugir ces féroces soldats?
Ils viennent jusque dans vos bras
Égorger vos fils et vos compagnes!
Aux armes, citoyens,
Formez vos bataillons,
Qu’un sang impur
Abreuve nos sillons!
Arise, children of the Fatherland,
The day of glory has arrived!
Against us of the tyranny
The bloody banner is raised, (repeat)
Do you hear, in the countryside,
The roar of those ferocious soldiers?
They’re coming right into your arms
To slit the throats your sons and your companions!
To arms, citizens,
Form your battalions,
Let’s march, let’s march!
That a tainted blood
Water our furrows!
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