Mexico

Himno Nacional Mexicano

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The Himno Nacional Mexicano was officially adopted in 1943, but was written almost a century earlier. In the intervening time, the words were changed on several occasions as a result of political changes within Mexico.

The lyrics of the anthem, which allude to Mexican victories in the heat of battle and cries of defending the homeland, were composed by poet Francisco González Bocanegra in 1853. In 1854, Jaime Nunó composed the music which now accompanies González's poem.

The full version of the anthem is ten stanzas and ten choruses. The usual shortened version played in public consists of the chorus, first stanza, and chorus again.

Lyrics:

Spanish:

Mexicanos, al grito de guerra
el acero aprestad y el bridón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la Tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón!

Ciña ¡oh Patria! tus sienes de oliva
de la paz el arcángel divino,
que en el cielo tu eterno destino
por el dedo de Dios se escribió.
Mas si osare un extraño enemigo
profanar con su planta tu suelo,
piensa ¡oh Patria querida! que el cielo
un soldado en cada hijo te dio.

English:

Mexicans, at the cry of war,
make ready the steel and the bridle,
and the earth trembles at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon.
and the earth trembles at its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon!

Let gird, oh Fatherland, your brow with olive
by the divine archangel of peace,
for in heaven your eternal destiny
was written by the finger of God.
But if some enemy outlander should dare
to profane your ground with his step,
think, oh beloved Fatherland, that heaven
has given you a soldier in every son.

Details:

Composer:
Jaime Nunó Roca
Lyricist:
Francisco González Bocanegra
Date:
Written: 1853, Music: 1854, Adopted: 1943.
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