A Portuguesa

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A Portuguesa was written during the resurgent Portuguese nationalist movement of the 1890s, which arose as a result of a British ultimatum to Portugal in 1890 concerning Portuguese colonies in Africa. Used as the marching song of the failed republican rebellion of January 1891, in Porto, it was adopted as the national anthem of the newborn Portuguese Republic in 1911.



Heróis do mar, nobre povo,
Nação valente, imortal,
Levantai hoje de novo
O esplendor de Portugal!
Entre as brumas da memória,
Ó Pátria, sente-se a voz
Dos teus egrégios avós,
Que há-de guiar-te à vitória!

Às armas, às armas!
Sobre a terra, sobre o mar,
Às armas, às armas!
Pela Pátria lutar!
Contra os canhões, marchar, marchar!


Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Brave, immortal nation,
Raise today once again
The splendour of Portugal!
Amid the mists of memory,
Oh Fatherland, feel the voice
Of your distinguished forefathers,
That shall lead you to victory!

To arms, to arms!
On land, on sea,
To arms, to arms!
To fight for our Fatherland!
Against the cannons, march, march!


Alfredo Keil
Henrique Lopes de Mendonça
Written: 1890; officially adopted: July 19th, 1911
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