Turkey

İstiklâl Marşı

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The İstiklâl Marşı (Independence March) was written in 1920 as an inspirational song for troops fighting in the Turkish War of Independence, and became the national anthem after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. The song is also used as the anthem of the internationally-unrecognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Within Turkey, the text of the anthem is displayed in nearly all school classrooms, accompanied by a Turkish flag and a photograph of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

The anthem was the source of a brief copyright dispute in late 2010, when the Turkish government had to enact emergency legislation to ensure that the Turkish state was the sole official legal owner of the copyright of the Turkish national anthem.

Lyrics:

Turkish:

Korkma, sönmez bu şafaklarda yüzen al sancak;
Sönmeden yurdumun üstünde tüten en son ocak.
O benim milletimin yıldızıdır, parlayacak;
O benimdir, o benim milletimindir ancak.

Çatma, kurban olayım çehreni ey nazlı hilâl!
Kahraman ırkıma bir gül! Ne bu şiddet bu celâl?
Sana olmaz dökülen kanlarımız sonra helâl,
Hakkıdır, Hakk’a tapan, milletimin istiklâl!

English:

Fear not! For the crimson flag that proudly ripples in this glorious twilight, shall never fade,
Before the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within my nation is extinguished.
For that is the star of my nation, and it will forever shine;
It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.

Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,
But smile upon my heroic race! Why the anger, why the rage?
Our blood which we shed for you might not be worthy otherwise;
For freedom is the absolute right of my God-worshipping nation.

Details:

Composer:
Osman Zeki Üngör
Lyricist:
Mehmet Akif Ersoy
Date:
Adopted: March 12th, 1921
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